Factors Affecting Thyroid Function: A Holistic Approach to Treat Thyroid Disease

Dr. Ashwani Garg
Dr. Ashwani GargOctober 8, 2021

There are a variety of factors affecting thyroid function. These factors are different for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

In fact, these factors may be different for each person suffering from thyroid disease. A doctor needs to go to the root of the disorder to understand its nature, causes, and treatability. Factors Affecting Thyroid Function

Some of these include hypothyroidism risk factors. These risk factors for thyroid disease include –

  • Family history of thyroid disorders
  • Daily diet
  • Lifestyle
  • Other autoimmune conditions
  • Deficiency diseases
  • A history of radiation to the neck or chest area

The Conditions Which Can Cause Hypothyroidism

Yes. Thyroid conditions can be cured. All symptoms of thyroid diseases can be reversed. However, to achieve that we need to first understand what’s causing your thyroid problems. Here are some of the most common causes of hypothyroidism among adults -

Nutrient Deficiencies

Iodine deficiency is a major cause of hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland requires iodine for producing thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency can result in the reduction of these thyroid hormones. Other nutritional deficiency includes deficiency of selenium and zinc. Mineral deficiencies are one of the top risk factors for thyroid disease.

A non-functional thyroid gland

In every 1 out of 4000 newborns, the thyroid gland is non-functional. Although rare, this always results in hypothyroidism. A blood test of all newborns is done almost immediately after birth to check the level of thyroid hormone in their blood. Join Thyroid Community/

Hashimoto’s Disease

It is an autoimmune disease in which the body cells attack the thyroid gland. That reduces its capacity to produce thyroid hormones to a large extent. Close to 80% of all people with hypothyroidism have Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

Postpartum Thyroiditis

Postpartum Thyroiditis happens when a woman’s thyroid gland becomes inflamed after childbirth. It is a rare condition and affects only 3 in 100 women. Most women who experience postpartum thyroiditis do not recover without hypothyroidism treatment. They need proper thyroid testing, diagnosis, treatment plan, and diet changes to reverse thyroid functions.

How Knowing Thyroid Risk Factors can Help us

Knowing the risk factors for thyroid disease can help us prevent hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Monitoring our thyroid levels can give us a good idea if we are developing thyroid disorders.

The presence of hypothyroidism risk factors does increase a person’s chances of developing an underactive thyroid. However, it is not a certainty. With proper diet, exercise and supplements one can prevent thyroid disorders or nip them in the bud.

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